(21:1) “V'Ayleh Ha'Mishpatim Asher Tasim Lifnaychem- These are the laws that you should set before them.” Rashi explains that our Parsha begins with the word “and” in order to connect these laws to the Aseres Hadibros (The Ten Commandments). This teaches that all of the commandments were from Sinai. Even the seemingly mundane laws have the raw power and energy to transform and elevate the person, to bring him close to Hashem.
According to R.Tzodok all material possessions are infused with a part of a person’s Neshama. Every item we acquire is perfectly matched like a Shidduch to the person’s soul. If one were to purchase an apple, that particular apple was perfectly matched to that person’s soul. This can explain what we say twice daily in the Shemah. “V’Ohavtah es Hashem Elokecha B’chol Levavecha, B’chol Nafshecha U’Vechol M’odecha- We shall love Hashem with all of our heart, with all our soul and with all of our resources.” The possuk seems to be in ascending order. With all our heart, with our entire life and with all our possessions? It seems odd that our possessions are listed last, as if they are the pinnacle of serving Hashem?
However according to Rav Tzodok it is. If we act correctly we can elevate the things that belong to us. If we love Hashem with all of our hearts, if we are prepared to give our soul to Hashem, then we will elevate our resources. The reverse is also true. If a person sins it affects his resources, he is often sent a message through his possession. First Hashem may cause him to lose something he owns. If he does not get the message to change, another messages is sent. He may have a fire in his home, G-d forbid. Each message comes closer to that person until it threatens his very life.
The first law dealt with is that of an Eved Ivri a Jewish manservant, who either hired himself out due to poverty, or stole something and was unable to pay it back. The posuk is discussing what happens when his six years of service ends and he is ready to go free. The Torah is telling us that it makes a difference if he was single at the time he was purchased by his owner. If he was married then his wife will go out with him. This would seem to be a law that does not apply to all men at all times. But on a deeper level the opposite is true. It applies to all Jewish men throughout history.
The Zohar writes that this posuk refers to Gilgulim, reincarnation. This phenomenon of reincarnation supports the principal of universal justice in a mystical sense for it means that certain events of a previous generation can be offset or corrected by events in a future generation. When a person has not accomplished in this life all that was needed to be accomplished, that neshamah often is returned to this world to complete or correct what it had failed to do in it's previous life. Therefore when we see a person in a particular situation such as a slave or even a rich person, we never can know if it is this way because of something that was in a past life. This is the meaning of “Ve'Ayleh Ha'Mishpatim- These are the judgements- Asher Tasim Lifnaychem- That were placed before you.” Meaning that Hashem has judged these things before you were even born.
This might not seem to be much of a comfort for a person. Because even though the difficulties he faces are not brought about by his misdeeds, he still is the one who must bear the brunt of it. This is perhaps why we say to someone going through difficulties “it should be a Kapora for you.” In order for us to bring about the final redemption all of the souls must go through whatever corrections are needed. Hashem never tests a person beyond his or her abilities. Therefore if a person is tested it is because Hashem knows he is capable of passing that test and by doing so he is fixing one more link in the chain leading to Moshiach. This could be why the words Ayleh Ha'Mishpatim equal Moshiach ben Dovid Avdecha.